Wednesday, 26 August 2015

Working women in late 18th century Sweden

It’s not quite true that I haven’t been sewing this year, I have worked on a couple of small cap and embroidery projects. But that is just about what my energy level has been up to. I haven’t blogged much either, but hopefully both sewing and blogging will work better for me now. So I thought you would be interested in seeing some of Pehr Hilleström’s (1732-1816) painting of working women I have seen this summer. Most were seen at an exhibition at Sven-Harry’s art museum and two at Julitta manor house. The picture quality is reflected by the fact that most were taken with my mobile phone.
Some of you may remember that one of my costuming pet peeves is when a garment is dismissed just because it wasn’t worn at one particular place. The costume world is, for good reasons, turned toward England, France and North America, but there are a number of regional clothing differences and the working woman’s clothes often reflected that. For example, the dreaded sleeveless bodice and shift combo, was actually a perfectly acceptable for a peasant woman in Sweden during the 18th century. And coloured caps were also worn, something I was once told didn’t exist during the 1700s. This laundress is wearing a bodice that seems unboned and a simple shift. Her blue cap is what in Sweden is known as a “bindmössa”. It’s a cap made of a coloured, often expensive fabric and in the 18th century it could cover the whole hair or just be placed on the back of the head. It often was (and is) stiffened. It’s still an important feature in many Swedish traditional costume. Originally this cap was worn over a white linen cap, but in the 18th century the cap was worn on it’s own. It could, however, be worn with a “stycke” (meaning piece) made of fine linen or lace and attached to the cap in a way which made it look like a separate cap was worn underneath. A ribbon bow was often attached to the back of the cap.


 
A "bindmössa" could be worn by the middle classes as well. Bellamn mentions the rather wealthy Madame Bergström who is wearing a cap made of  green silk moiré and  decorated with silver lace. Underneath the cap she is wearing a "stycke" On the picture below you can't see much of the actual cap, but you can see the "stycke"

 
This woman has very nice cuffs, I Think. She's not wearnig a cap, but a "klut", a neckerchief folded into a triangle and wrapped around the head.
 
 
As is this woman

Source
 
Another bodice, this one clearly unboned. There are several extant ones and they range from being completely unboned, having bones in strategic placed up to half-boned.
 
Source
 
Of course white caps were worn as well
 
Source

 
 
 
 
These close-ups are from a large painting showing a party outside Svartsjö castle, showing a variety of clothes. Lots of stripes!
 
 

 
 


















Monday, 24 August 2015

It's plastic and it's fantastic

The party where historical accuracy is anathema. A couple of friends and I have been talking of having a plastic 18th century party for ages, and this year we finally managed one! We were about 20 brave souls who dived into the wonderful world of plastic, PVC and polyester and a very good time we had.

I took a lot of care into my makeup and wig. Note the attention to the oh so important details like a lot of eyeshadow, visible hairline and rosebud mouth. There was some drama when I realised that the glue to my false eyelashes had dried out, but I decided to be brave and go anyway.
 
 
 
Crushed velvet is underrated- I think J looked great in his breeches and waistcoat. One of these days there will be a matching coat, but I think wearing the waistcoat open like that added panache. The wig was styled after watching Amadeus. I had hoped to make myself a red velvet gown as well, but time didn’t permit it. Luckily I had a dead dinosaur in the attic and paired it with a pair of PVC stays I made years ago when I wanted to try out a new stays pattern and test sewing in PVC. Nice to finally have an opportunity to wear it.

 
The guests approached their inner bad taste in different way. Some, like me and Lovisa, went for correct shape in the wrong material. She won our costume Contest.
 
Some looked like they were ready to be extras in an Adam Ant video.

 
Plastic bags came to good use.
 
 
 
 
As were old curtains, back-lacing and a complete disregard for proper lacing.

 
Gentlemen did the right thing and either skipped the coat or the waistcoat.
 
 
Bright colours were THE thing.
 
 
We also had inflatable plastic pigs for the proper La Petite Trianon-feeling.

 
Johanna was the most elegant, I think. Wearing a battleship on her head was actually pretty elegant. You can see more pictures here. And Åsa, who sadly couldn’t come, show her outfit here. And here is a whole slew of fantastic pictures by Helen.
 





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